The 4,580 ha Synevyr Wilderness is embedded in the Synevyr National Nature Park, Ukraine. Synevyr Wilderness preserves large areas of unique old-growth broadleaf and conifer forest and a natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes. The Synevyr National Nature Park core zone has good potential to expand Synevyr Wilderness. The Synevyr Wilderness has no roads and is without any management intervention. Furthermore, there was only little human impact over the last 60 years, as the zone is not open to the public according to Ukranian legislation. Recently, the Synevyr National Nature Park was added to the UNESCO Word Heritage Site – Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe.
European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System
The 4,580 ha Synevyr Wilderness was subject of a Quick-Audit in 2016 and meets the Silver Wilderness Quality Standard. A European Wilderness Quality Standard Full-Audit is scheduled for 2019.
- Protected area: Synevyr National Nature Park
- Wilderness: Synevyr Wilderness
- Wilderness Quality Standard: Silver
- Country: Ukraine
- Size of the protected area: 42,704 ha
- Size of the Wilderness: 4,580 ha
- European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2016
- Wilderness Uniqueness: Large contiguous area of old-growth broadleaf and conifer forest forest, favourable habitat for wolf, bear and many other rare species
- Number of visitors per year to the protected area: approx. 5,000
- Number of visitors per year to the Wilderness: approx. 100
Synevyr Wilderness is covered by old-growth broadleaf and conifer forests. The Synevyr Wilderness provides a safe refuge for native populations of all Carpathian carnivores such as brown bear, wolf, wildcat and lynx. The area is also home to fox, red deer, roe deer, squirrels, martens, badgers, ermines, wood grouse, and black grouse. It offers protection for endangered animal species, notably the horned owl and two kinds of tritons. Typical dwellers are the black stork and eagle-owl. Rich variety of life can be found in the dying trunks, such as the alpine longicorn Rosalia beetle. Twenty-four of the park’s fauna species are included in Ukraine’s Red Book, and 11 are on Europe’s Red List. The Synevyr Wilderness flora includes over a thousand species of vascular plants, 38 of which have been entered into Ukraine’s Red Book of endangered species, and one in Europe’s Red List.
Wilderness Tourism Experience
Access to Synevyr Wilderness is strictly limited and controlled. A visit to the Synevyr Wilderness is permitted only for special group of experts. The area is located approx. 90 km from Uzhhorod and approx. 60 km from Ivano Frankivsk town. Environmental education is one of the priorities of Synevyr National Nature Park, which aims at meaningful impact on the attitudes, behaviour, and activities of both the visitors and local population towards environmental awareness and involvement of local people to preserve the Synevyr Wilderness and natural heritage.