The 3 162 ha Maramarosh Wilderness is part of the Maramarosh area, which is embedded inside the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The Reserve preserves the largest area of unique old-growth beech and mixed forest of Europe and the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes. The Carpathian Biosphere Reserve already hosts the certified Platinum Uholka – Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness, three Certified WILDRivers and two WILDForests. The Reserve further includes two additional, large areas with Wilderness potential: Svydovec and Chornohora.
Maramarosh Wilderness represents an outstanding example of undisturbed old-growth mixed forest (beech, fir and spruce) and rare fragments of subalpine and alpine habitats (tree line with mugo pine, alder and rhododendron), which are characteristic for the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes (subalpine and alpine habitats, small subalpine lake).The area contains a large genetic reservoir, which many species depend on and can be associated with in this forest habitat. Parts of Maramarosh Wilderness are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site – Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe.
European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System
The 3 162 ha Maramarosh Wilderness was audited in 2018 and meets the Gold Wilderness Quality Standard. The Maramarosh Wilderness also includes the Maramarosh WILDForest, upper watersheds of Radomyr (3 km), Bilyi (3 km) and Yavornykovyi (3 km) WILDRivers. There is potential for enlargement of the Wilderness, the WILDForest and one or two WILDRivers. A European Wilderness Quality Standard Full-Audit is scheduled for 2023.
- Protected area: Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
- Wilderness: Maramarosh Wilderness
- Wilderness Quality Standard: Gold
- Country: Ukraine
- Size of the protected area: 57 880 ha
- Size of the Wilderness: 3 162 ha Wilderness, Maramarosh WILDForest and three WILDRivers – upper watershed of Radomyr, Bilyi and Yavornykovyi Rivers
- European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2018
- Wilderness Uniqueness: Large contiguous area of old growth broadleaf and mixed forest, favourable habitat for wolf, bear and many other rare species
- Number of visitors per year to the protected area: approx. 20 000
- Number of visitors per year to the Wilderness: approx. 800
The Maramarosh Wilderness is a large area with old-growth beech and mixed beech-spruce-fir forests. It is an area of great international importance and a local hotspot for biodiversity, which is dependent on spontaneous natural processes and ecosystem dynamics. It contains representatives of flora and fauna typical for old-growthCarpathian beech and mixed forests. The most striking and impressive features of this area are the big trees; broken tree stems are covered with a variety of fungi, and a rich variety of life can be found in the deadwood trunks, such as the protected alpine longicorn Rosalia beetle. The area has a permanent small population of brown bears, wolves and lynxes. Typical bird dwellers in the area are the black stork and eagle-owl.
Wilderness Tourism Experience
People can access Maramarosh Wilderness using two marked trails. This requires a permit, due to the border zone with Romania (European Union boundary). The Maramarosh Wilderness is located approx. 190 km from Uzhhorod and approx. 110 km from Ivano Frankivsk. The starting point for hikers is usually Dilove village. The two marked trails provide a unique experience in Maramarosh Wilderness. The trails lead through primeval beech and mixed forest, passing through traditionally used alpine meadows (poloniny) and reach the highest peak in the Maramarosh massive, Pop Ivan Maramaroskyi (1 938 m).
Maramarosh Wilderness Carpathian Biosphere Reserve Address street: Krasne Pleso Street, 77 Postal code city: 90600, Rakhiv, Ukraine Phone: +380 3132 22193 Website: cbr.nature.org.ua/main.htm