Chornyy Dil Wilderness
The 1 580 ha Chornyy Dil Wilderness is embedded in Synevyr National Nature Park, Ukraine. Chornyy Dil Wilderness preserves large areas of unique primeval old-growth broadleaf and conifer forest, wild streams and the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes. Chornyy Dil Wilderness has potential for further enlargement. The Wilderness has no roads and is without any management intervention. Furthermore, there has been minimal human impact over the last 60 years, and according to Ukrainian legislation the area is not open to the public.
The Synevyr National Nature Park includes five additional areas with Wilderness potential: Kamjanka, Darvaika, Kvasovets, Strymba and Vilshany. Chornyy Dil Wilderness represents an example of a large genetic reservoir, on which many species associated with in this forest habitat are dependent.
European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System
The southern part of Chornyy Dil Wilderness was subject to a Quick-Audit in 2016 and meets the Silver Wilderness Quality Standarddue to its outstanding Wilderness quality. A European Wilderness Quality Standard Full-Audit is scheduled for 2020.
- Protected area: Synevyr National Nature Park
- Wilderness: Chornyy Dil Wilderness
- Wilderness Quality Standard: Silver
- Country: Ukraine
- Size of the protected area: 42 704 ha
- Size of the Wilderness: 1 580 ha
- European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2016
- Wilderness Uniqueness: Large contiguous area of old growth broadleaf and conifer forest, undisturbed watershed of Pesya river, favourable habitat for wolf, bear and many other rare species
- Number of visitors per year to the protected area: approx. 5 000
- Number of visitors per year to the Wilderness: approx. 100
Chornyy Dil Wilderness provides a safe refuge for populations of all Carpathian carnivores, such as brown bear, wolf, wildcat and lynx. The area is also home to fox, red deer, roe deer, squirrels, martens, badgers, ermines, wood grouse, and grouse. It offers protection for endangered animal species, notably the horned owl and two kinds of tritons. Typical dwellers in the area are the stork and eagle-owl. A rich variety of life can be found in the dying trunks, such as the alpine longicorn Rosalia beetle. Chornyy Dil Wilderness flora includes several hundreds species of vascular plants, of which many are included to Ukraine’s Red Book of endangered species and Europe’s Red List. The Chornyy Dil Wilderness encompasses remarkable fragments of old growth forest as well as the upper watershed of the wild Pesya River.
Wilderness Tourism Experience
Access to Chornyy Dil Wilderness is strictly limited and controlled. A visit to Chornyy Dil Wilderness is permitted only for special groups of experts. The area is located approx. 140 km from Uzhhorod and approx. 160 km from the town of Ivano Frankivsk. The Synevyr National Nature Park, besides Chornyy Dil Wilderness, has many examples of old growth broadleaf and conifer forests as well as favourable habitats for wolf, bear and many other rare species. These species are used for environmental education, which is one of the priorities of Synevyr National Nature Park. Environmental education at Synevyr National Nature Park aims to raise awareness of the environment and sustainability issues, and to positively influence the attitudes, behaviour, and activities of visitors and the local population.
- Chornyy Dil Wilderness
- Address street: Synevyrs’ka Polyana
- Postal code city: 90040, Zakarpats’ka oblast, Ukraine
- Phone: +380 3146 27618
- Website: http://npp-synevyr.net.ua