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Maramarosh Wilderness

Maramarosh Wilderness

Maramarosh Wilderness

October 152018

Maramarosh Wilderness

The 3 162 ha Maramarosh Wilderness is part of the Maramarosh area, which is embedded inside the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The Reserve preserves the largest area of unique old-growth beech and mixed forest of Europe and the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes. The Carpathian Biosphere Reserve already hosts the certified Platinum Uholka – Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness, three Certified WILDRivers and two WILDForests. The Reserve further includes two additional, large areas with Wilderness potential: Svydovec and Chornohora.

Maramarosh Wilderness represents an outstanding example of undisturbed old-growth mixed forest (beech, fir and spruce) and rare fragments of subalpine and alpine habitats (tree line with mugo pine, alder and rhododendron), which are characteristic for the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes (subalpine and alpine habitats, small subalpine lake).The area contains a large genetic reservoir, which many species depend on and can be associated with in this forest habitat. Parts of Maramarosh Wilderness are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site – Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe.

European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System

The 3 162 ha Maramarosh Wilderness was audited in 2018 and meets the Gold Wilderness Quality Standard. The Maramarosh Wilderness also includes the Maramarosh WILDForest, upper watersheds of Radomyr (3 km), Bilyi (3 km) and Yavornykovyi (3 km) WILDRivers. There is potential for enlargement of the Wilderness, the WILDForest and one or two WILDRivers. A European Wilderness Quality Standard Full-Audit is scheduled for 2023.

Wilderness information

  • Protected area: Carpathian Biosphere Reserve
  • Wilderness: Maramarosh Wilderness
  • Wilderness Quality Standard: Gold
  • Country: Ukraine
  • Size of the protected area: 57 880 ha
  • Size of the Wilderness: 3 162 ha Wilderness, Maramarosh WILDForest and three WILDRivers – upper watershed of Radomyr, Bilyi and Yavornykovyi Rivers
  • European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2018
  • Wilderness Uniqueness: Large contiguous area of old growth broadleaf and mixed forest, favourable habitat for wolf, bear and many other rare species
  • Number of visitors per year to the protected area: approx. 20 000
  • Number of visitors per year to the Wilderness: approx. 800

Biodiversity

The Maramarosh Wilderness is a large area with old-growth beech and mixed beech-spruce-fir forests. It is an area of great international importance and a local hotspot for biodiversity, which is dependent on spontaneous natural processes and ecosystem dynamics. It contains representatives of flora and fauna typical for old-growthCarpathian beech and mixed forests. The most striking and impressive features of this area are the big trees; broken tree stems are covered with a variety of fungi, and a rich variety of life can be found in the deadwood trunks, such as the protected alpine longicorn Rosalia beetle. The area has a permanent small population of brown bears, wolves and lynxes. Typical bird dwellers in the area are the black stork and eagle-owl.

Wilderness Tourism Experience

People can access Maramarosh Wildernessusing two marked trails. This requires a permit, due to the border zone with Romania (European Union boundary). The Maramarosh Wilderness is located approx. 190 km from Uzhhorod and approx. 110 km from Ivano Frankivsk. The starting point for hikers is usually Dilove village. The two marked trails provide a unique experience in Maramarosh Wilderness. The trails lead through primeval beech and mixed forest, passing through traditionally used alpine meadows (poloniny) and reach the highest peak in the Maramarosh massive, Pop Ivan Maramaroskyi (1 938 m).

Contact details

Maramarosh Wilderness

Carpathian Biosphere Reserve

Address street: Krasne Pleso Street, 77

Postal code city: 90600, Rakhiv, Ukraine

Phone: +380 3132 22193

Website: cbr.nature.org.ua/main.htm 

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Chornyy Dil Wilderness

Chornyy Dil Wilderness

Chornyy Dil Wilderness

September 172018

The Synevyr Wilderness is embedded in the Synevyr National Nature Park, Ukraine. Synevyr Wilderness preserves large areas of unique old-growth broadleaf and conifer forest and a natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes. The Synevyr National Nature Park has good potential to expand Synevyr Wilderness. The Synevyr Wilderness has no roads and is without any management intervention.

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Thaya WILDRiver

Thaya WILDRiver

Thaya WILDRiver

August 232018

Thaya WILDRiver

The 2 kilometres of Thaya WILDRiver is embedded in the Thayatal National Park, Austria. It is Austria’s smallest National Park, located in the north-eastern part of the country, at the border with Podyjí National Park in the Czech Republic. Thayatal National Park – one of the last near-natural valleys in Central Europe – was established in the year 2000. The name Thayatal can be translated into the ‘valley of the Thaya river’, which is an impressive valley with steep cliffs, dense broadleaf forests and valuable fragments of WILDRiver. The Thaya WILDRiver is a segment of the Thaya river and spans a length of over 2 kilometres, linking the Thayatal WILDFOREST and the Podyjí Wilderness. The Thaya WILDRiver is characterised by extraordinary scenery, being home to features such as meanders and alluvial plains around the river Thaya. The Thaya river is and always has been the key element and driving force behind the establishment of the transboundary protected area of the Podyjí National Park in Czech Republic and Thayatal National Park in Austria.

European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System

The 2 kilometres of Thaya WILDRiver were subject to a Quick-Audit in summer 2017 and in June 2018 and meet the Bronze Wilderness Quality Standard. The Thayatal National Park and the Podyjí National Park together with the European Wilderness Society will consider the opportunity to implement a European Wilderness Quality Standard Full Audit and create the first Transboundary Wilderness in Central Europe in the coming years.

Wilderness information

  • Protected area: Thayatal National Park
  • Wilderness: Thaya WILDRiver
  • Wilderness Quality Standard: Bronze
  • Country: Austria
  • Size of the protected area: 1 360 ha
  • Size of the Wilderness: 2 km
  • European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2018
  • Wilderness Uniqueness: Last fragment of Thaya WILDRiver embedded in a well-protected area of mixed deciduous forests in the lowland of the Pannonia region, left to spontaneous development.
  • Number of visitors per year to the National Park: approx. 50 000
  • Number of visitors per year to Wilderness: There is no public access to the Thaya WILDRiver

Biodiversity

The territory of Thayatal National Park has a very high biodiversity. There are several hundreds of vascular plant species, fungi, lichens, mosses, birds and mammals. There is a rich variety of forest types, such as oak and hornbeam-oak forests, relict pine forests, spring alluviums alder forest, and the native beech forests in the higher parts of the National Park. The Thaya WILDRiver is located in an impressive valley with steep cliffs, gentle meadows, natural forests and fascinating flora and fauna. The area is located on a distinct climatic border where continental and Central European flora and fauna come together. A significant part of the area is covered with forests, of which a considerable percentage is currently left to spontaneous development. The aim in the coming years is to let 75%-85% of Thayatal National Park develop under spontaneous succession and to protect spontaneous dynamics of biodiversity.

Wilderness Tourism Experience

The Thayatal National Park lies in a very densely populated area with good transport accessibility, 95 km from Vienna and 220 km from Prague. The park itself is not accessible for cars, but is accessible by a network of marked trails for pedestrians. Only the city of Hardegg, which is situated in the center of the National Park is accessible by bike or car. The trails lead around the Thayatal WILDForest and Thaya WILDRiver, therefore, the character of the area can be seen from several attractive sightseeing points. A system of information panels in the field outside of the WILDRiver area provides the visitors with valuable information about the area. Additionally, there are trails that lead along parts of the Thaya river, which provide several sightseeing points to view the character of the river. Thaya WILDRiver is not accessible for tourists, but a network of trails enable visitors to discover and experience the surrounding Thayatal forest and river, which also have a wild character.

Contact details

Thaya WILDRiver

Thayatal National Park

Address street: Nationalparkhaus

Postal code city: 2082 Hardegg, Austria

Phone: 00 43 2949 70050

Website: www.np-thayatal.at/en 

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Thayatal WILDForest

Thayatal WILDForest

Thayatal WILDForest

August 232018

Thayatal WILDForest

The 250 ha Thayatal WILDForest is embedded in the Thayatal National Park, Austria. It is Austria’s smallest National Park, located in the north-eastern part of the country, at the border with Podyjí National Park in the Czech Republic. Thayatal National Park – one of the last near-natural valleys in Central Europe – was established in the year 2000. The name Thayatal can be translated into the ‘valley of the Thaya river’, which is an impressive valley with steep cliffs, dense broadleaf forests and valuable fragments ecosystems. The Thayatal WILDForest is characterised by extraordinary scenery, being home to features such as rocky amphitheatres, cliffs and broadleaf mixed forest. The Thayatal WILDForest is and has been the key element and driving force behind the establishment of the transboundary Wilderness of the Podyjí National Park in Czech Republic and Thayatal National Park in Austria.

European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System

The 250 ha Thayatal WILDForest was subjected to a Quick-Audit in summer 2017 and in June 2018 and meets the Bronze WILDForest Quality Standard. The Thayatal National Park and the Podyjí National Park together with the European Wilderness Society will consider the opportunity to implement a European Wilderness Quality Standard Full Audit and create the first Transboundary Wilderness in the Central Europe in the coming years.

Wilderness information

  • Protected area: Thayatal National Park
  • Wilderness: Thayatal WILDForest
  • Wilderness Quality Standard: Bronze
  • Country: Austria
  • Size of the protected area: 1 360 ha
  • Size of the WILDForest: 250 ha
  • European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2018
  • Wilderness Uniqueness: Well-protected area of mixed deciduous forests in the Pannonia lowland, left to spontaneous development
  • Number of visitors per year to the National Park: approx. 50 000
  • Number of visitors per year to WILDForest: There is no public access to the Thayatal Wilderness

Biodiversity

The territory of Thayatal National Park has a very high biodiversity. There are several hundred species of vascular plants, fungi, lichens, mosses, birds and mammals. There is a rich variety of forest types, such as oak and hornbeam-oak forests, relict pine forests, spring alluviums alder forest, and the native beech forests in the higher parts of the National Park. The Thayatal WILDForest is located in an impressive valley with steep cliffs, gentle meadows, natural forests and fascinating flora and fauna. The area is located on a distinct climatic border where continental and Central European flora and fauna come together. A significant part of the area is covered with forests, of which a considerable percentage is currently left to spontaneous development. The aim in the coming years is to let 75-85% of Thayatal National Park develop under spontaneous succession and to protect spontaneous dynamics of biodiversity.

Wilderness Tourism Experience

The Thayatal National Park lies in a very densely populated area with good transport accessibility, 95 km from Vienna and 220 km from Prague. The park itself is not accessible for cars, but is accessible by a network of marked trails for pedestrians. Only the city of Hardegg, which is situated in the centre of the National Park is accessible by bike or car. The trails lead around the Thayatal Wilderness, therefore the character of the area can be seen from several attractive sightseeing points. A system of information panels in the field outside of the WILDForest provides the visitors with valuable information about the area. Additionally, there are trails that lead along parts of the Thaya River, which provide several sightseeing points to view the character of the river. Thayatal WILDForest is not accessible for tourists, but a network of trails enables visitors to discover and experience the surrounding Thayatal forest and river, which also have a wild character.

Contact details

Thayatal WILDForest

Thayatal National Park

Address street: Nationalparkhaus

Postal code city: 2082 Hardegg, Austria

Phone: 00 43 2949 70050

Website: www.np-thayatal.at/en 

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Fulufjället Wilderness

Fulufjället Wilderness

Fulufjället Wilderness

December 192017

The Fulufjället Wilderness is embedded in Fulufjället National Park, Sweden. Located at the border with Norway, Fulufjället Wilderness is a virtually untouched Scandinavian nature area. Fulufjället Wilderness is named after the mountain Fulufjället that is 1,044 m high. It covers the Swedish part of the Fulufjället massif, which is the southernmost part of the Scandes in Sweden. The Norwegian part of the massif is protected by Norway’s Fulufjället National Park.

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Archipelago WILDCoast

Archipelago WILDCoast

Archipelago WILDCoast

December 182017

The Archipelago WILDCoast is located at the edge of open Baltic Sea. It is a unique example of a large contiguous marine WILDCoast without any extractive use already for several decades. The WILDCoast is closed for visitors (no-go zone).

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Teiču Wilderness

Teiču Wilderness

Teiču Wilderness

December 172017

The Teiču Wilderness is embedded into the Teiču Strict Nature Reserve. Teiču Reserve is the largest nature reserve in Latvia and it is one of the largest areas of intact bog moss in the Baltic. Teiču Wilderness protects a large complex, representing valuable ecosystems of wetlands and forest. Teiču Wilderness is one of four strict nature reserves in Latvia and is well known due to the high species diversity.

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Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness

Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness

Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness

December 172017

The Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness is part of the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The area preserves the largest area of unique old-growth beech forest of Europe and the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes. Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness represent an outstanding example of undisturbed temperate beech forests and provides a sample of the pure stands of European beech.

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Velyka Uholka WILDRiver

Velyka Uholka WILDRiver

Velyka Uholka WILDRiver

December 172017

The Velyka Uholka WILDRiver is embedded in the Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness, Ukraine. The Velyka Uholka WILDRiver, together with the small tributary Yavoronskyy Stream, is a typical mountain river with the extraordinary scenery and is surrounded by undisturbed temperate beech forests. 

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Podyjí Wilderness

Podyjí Wilderness

Podyjí Wilderness

December 172017

The Podyjí Wilderness is embedded in the Podyjí National Park, Czech Republic. It is the smallest National Park in the Czech Republic and located in the south-eastern part of the country, at the border with Thayatal National Park in Austria. Podyjí National Park has a good potential for expansion of Wilderness. A significant part of the Podyjí National Park is covered with forests and considerable percentage is currently left to spontaneous development.

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Olanga WILDRiver

Olanga WILDRiver

Olanga WILDRiver

December 172017

The Olanga WILDRiver is embedded in the Paanajärvi Wilderness and in Paanajärvi National Park, Russia. The Olanga WILDRiver is characterized by an extraordinary scenery, with the well-known Kivakkakoski rapids. There are altogether 13 rapids on the river from lake Paanajärvi to Pyaozero lake. The Olanga WILDRiver is the key element and driving force behind the establishment of the Paanajärvi National Park and later on the transboundary protected area: the Paanajärvi National Park in Russia and Oulanka National Park in Finland.

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Oulanka WILDRiver

Oulanka WILDRiver

Oulanka WILDRiver

December 172017

The Oulanka WILDRiver spans over a length of 26 kilometres and is embedded in the Oulanka Wilderness and in Oulanka National Park, Finland. The Oulanka WILDRiver is characterized by an extraordinary scenery, being home to features such as spruced flood-lands, pine stands growing on sandy soil and hills covered by dwarfed tundra vegetation. 

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Mala Uholka WILDRiver

Mala Uholka WILDRiver

Mala Uholka WILDRiver

December 172017

The Mala Uholka WILDRiver spans over a length of 7 kilometres and is embedded in the Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness, Ukraine. The Mala Uholka WILDRiver, together with the small tributaries Buchmonskyy Stream and Plosnyy Stream, is a mountain river with the typical extraordinary scenery and is surrounded by undisturbed temperate beech forests.

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Kitka WILDRiver

Kitka WILDRiver

Kitka WILDRiver

December 142017

The Kitka WILDRiver is embedded in the Oulanka Wilderness and in Oulanka National Park, Finland. The Kitka WILDRiver is characterized by extraordinary scenery, being home to features such as spruced flood-lands, pine stands growing on sandy soil and past hills covered by dwarfed tundra vegetation.

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Gorgany Wilderness

Gorgany Wilderness

Gorgany Wilderness

December 142017

The Gorgany Wilderness is part of the Gorgany Nature Reserve. This area preserves the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes, typical natural complexes, unique primeval beech forests, and in particular forest with Swiss pine (Pinus cembra).

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Shyrokyy Luh WILDRiver

Shyrokyy Luh WILDRiver

Shyrokyy Luh WILDRiver

December 102017

The Shyrokyy Luh WILDRiver is embedded in the Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness, Ukraine. The Shyrokyy Luh WILDRiver, together with the tributary Tarsovskyy Stream, Polonskyy Stream and Bradul Stream, is a mountain river with an extraordinary scenery and is surrounded by undisturbed temperate beech forests.

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Kalkalpen WILDForest

Kalkalpen WILDForest

Kalkalpen WILDForest

December 102017

The 5,251 ha Kalkalpen WILDForest consists of four areas (Hintergebirge, Bodinggraben, Urlach, Wilder Graben) with highly valuable beech forests that are embedded within the boundaries of the Kalkalpen Wilderness. The Kalkalpen WILDForest is an hotspot for biodiversity, depending on spontaneous natural processes and ecosystem dynamics and is an important reference area for comparisons with managed forest.

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Hoverla Wilderness

Hoverla Wilderness

Hoverla Wilderness

December 102017

The Hoverla Wilderness is part of Carpathian National Nature Park. The area preserves the natural state of the Carpathian mountain landscapes and large complexes of unique mixed and conifer forests with presence of the large carnivores (bear, wolf and lynx). Carpathian National Nature Park includes 3 large Wilderness, which qualify to become a member of European Wilderness Network: Hoverla Wilderness, Pip Ivan Wilderness and Siniak Wilderness.

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Zacharovanyy Kray WILDForest

Zacharovanyy Kray WILDForest

Zacharovanyy kray WILDForest

December 102017

The Zacharovanyy kray WILDForest is partially embedded in the Zacharovanyy kray Wilderness and in Zacharovanyy kray National Nature Park, Ukraine. Zacharovanyy kray WILDForest preserves the natural state of the beech forest in the central part of the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains. Zacharovanyy kray WILDForest is committed to protect self-regulated natural processes for several years.

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Zacharovanyy Kray Wilderness

Zacharovanyy Kray Wilderness

Zacharovanyy kray Wilderness

December 102017

The Zacharovanyy kray Wilderness is embedded in the Zacharovanyy kray National Nature Park, Ukraine. Ukraine contains excellent examples of Wilderness. Zacharovanyy kray Wilderness preserves the natural state of the beech forest in the central part of the Ukrainian Carpathian Mountains and is committed to protect self-regulated natural processes for several years.

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Vilm WILDIsland

Vilm WILDIsland

Vilm WILDIsland

November 222017

The 162 ha Vilm WILDIsland is part of South East Rügen Biosphere Reserve, Germany. Vilm WILDIsland is covered by old broadleaf forests with small lagoons, sandy beaches and attractive coastal features. Since 1990 it is part of the core zones of the South East Rügen Biosphere Reserve. The ancient forests on Vilm WILDIsland have never been managed by forestry. The strictly protected WILDIsland Vilm with a non-intervention management has developed in natural succession for many decades.

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The Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh WILDForest is embedded in the Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh Wilderness and in  Carpathian Biosphere Reserve. The Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh WILDForest is an hotspot for biodiversity, depending on spontaneous natural processes and ecosystem dynamics. The old-growth forests of Uholka-Shyrokyy Luh WILDForest is an important reference area for comparisons with managed forest. Europe.

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Soomaa Wilderness

Soomaa Wilderness

Soomaa Wilderness

November 172017

The Soomaa Wilderness is embedded into the Soomaa National Park, located in the south-eastern corner of Estonia. Soomaa Wilderness consist of four large peat-bogs: Kuresoo, Valgeraba, Ordi and Kikerpera. The bogs are separated from each other by the Pärnu, Halliste, Navesti, Raudna, Lemmjõgi, and Kõpu rivers. Alongside these rivers, floodplain meadows and floodplain forests occur.

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Rila Wilderness

Rila Wilderness

Rila Wilderness

November 172017

The Rila Wilderness is embedded in the Rila National Park, the largest national park in Bulgaria. The park is located in the south-western part of the country. Rila Wilderness is one of the largest and most valuable Wilderness areas in Europe. It includes four large Wilderness areas – Parangalica, Central Rila Reserve, Ibar and Skakavitsa.  Rila Wilderness covers a large part of the Rila mountain range with high peaks, deep valleys, forests and mountain pastures.

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Retezat Wilderness

Retezat Wilderness

Retezat Wilderness

November 172017

The Retezat Wilderness is embedded in the Retezat National Park, the oldest national park in Romania. The Retezat Wilderness protects one of the last remaining pristine part of Carpathian Mountains and is also an important model to protect Wilderness all over the Carpathians. The Gemenele (“The Twins” in Romanian) is a scientific reserve containing the strictly protected Retezat Wilderness already for several decades. This Retezat Wilderness is protecting an intact primeval forest and landscape modelling by glaciers in the past.

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Podyjí WILDRiver

Podyjí WILDRiver

Podyjí WILDRiver

November 172017

The Podyjí WILDRiver is embedded in the Podyjí Wilderness. The Podyjí Wilderness is part of the Podyjí National Park, Czech Republic and is characterized by extraordinary scenery, being home to features such as rocky amphitheatres, cliffs, meanders or alluvial plains around the river Dyje.

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Peneda-Gerês Wilderness

Peneda-Gerês Wilderness

Peneda-Gerês Wilderness

November 172017

The Peneda-Gerês Wilderness is embedded into the Peneda-Gerês National Park, Portugal. The Peneda-Gerês National Park was created in 1971 due to its national and international scientific values, with the aim to protect the existing human and natural resources. Since the Peneda-Gerês National Park was established in 1971, it was acknowledged as the wildest area of Portugal.

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Paanajärvi Wilderness

Paanajärvi Wilderness

Paanajärvi WIlderness

November 172017

The Paanajärvi Wilderness is embedded in the Paanajärvi National Park, Russia. Paanajärvi Wilderness is located right at the Arctic Circle and preserves the representative examples of natural values of the whole Karelia region, at the Finnish–Russian border. The boreal forests with lakes reach into far horizons with no sign of human presence, any roads or towns. The Paanajärvi Wilderness and Olanga WILDRiver create a great example of pristine and remote Wilderness.

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Oulanka Wilderness

Oulanka Wilderness

Oulanka Wilderness

November 172017

Oulanka Wilderness

The 12 924 ha Oulanka Wilderness is embedded in the Oulanka National Park, Finland. The Oulanka National Park is located close to the Arctic Circle at the border with Russia. The park is traversed by two large rivers flowing east, the Rivers Oulankajoki and Kitkajoki with several tributaries, such as the Rivers Maaninkajoki and Savinajoki. Oulanka Wilderness is separated in three sections by the management, which are not ecologically fragmented: Border Zone (2 200 ha), Main Section (10 724 ha), and Sukerijärvi (2 103 ha).

Oulanka Wilderness is located in a Reindeer Husbandry Area. The traditional Finnish concept of everyman’s right and reindeer husbandry significantly impacted the identification of the Wilderness in Oulanka National Park. The everyman’s right concept allows free right of access to the land and waterways, and the right to collect natural products such as wild berries and mushrooms, no matter who owns the land. These rights also generally apply to foreign citizens. The overall frame of everyman’s right is that all actions must be harmless to nature and landowner. In 2007, the Oulanka Wilderness Program identified the Oulanka Wilderness, fitting to the European Wilderness Quality Standard and guaranteed an ecological link with Paanajärvi Wilderness at the Russian side of border.

European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System

The 12 924 ha Oulanka Wilderness was audited and monitored in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2010 and 2012 and meets the Platinum Wilderness Quality Standard. A European Wilderness Quality Standard Renewal-Audit is scheduled for 2022.

Wilderness information

  • Protected area: Oulanka National Park
  • Wilderness: Oulanka Wilderness
  • Wilderness Quality Standard: Platinum
  • Country: Finland
  • Size of the protected area: 29 000 ha
  • Size of the Wilderness: 12 924 ha
  • European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2012
  • Wilderness Uniqueness: Old growth northern boreal pine forest dominated by scots pine forest, Oulanka River, mires and swamps
  • Number of visitors per year to the National Park: approx. 175 000
  • Number of visitors per year to Wilderness: approx. 15 000

Biodiversity

Oulanka is full of versatile and demanding plant species and partly due to calcium-rich bedrock there are many rare species. The difference in temperature between the high rising fells and low river valleys make an ideal environment for several rare plants like the park’s emblem: the calypso. Another threatened plant, but common in this area is silene or lady’s-slipper. In Oulanka’s meadows, you may catch a glimpse of the endangered Copper Violet Butterfly. Riverbeds and alluvial meadows are home to rare butterflies and 100 bird species nest in the park. Rare birds like the Siberian Jay and the Capercaillie also take refuge in these herb-rich forests. The area hosts several large herbivores like the moose and the half-tame reindeer. Smaller mammals are also typical in the area. Of the large carnivores, the bear inhabits Oulanka National Park. The wolf, wolverine and lynx, however, are quite rare. In the Wilderness, the golden eagle and the white-tailed eagle are common.

Wilderness Tourism Experience

Attractions that offer unforgettable experiences in unspoilt Oulanka Wilderness play a vital role in the context of increases in nature tourism, summer tourism, and the importance of European Wilderness. Discover the boreal forests alone or with a group and find yourself amazed by it pure beauty. The Russian frontier runs along the eastern edge of Oulanka National Park, and just over the border lies the Russia’s Paanajärvi National Park, representing huge potential for cross-border nature tourism. Oulanka National Park already collaborates closely with its twin park Paanajärvi.

Contact details

Oulanka Wilderness

Address street: Oulangan luontokeskus, Liikasenvaarantie 132

Postal code city: 93900, Kuusamo, Finland

Phone: +358 206 39 6850

Website: http://www.nationalparks.fi/oulankanp

 

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Majella Wilderness

Majella Wilderness

Majella Wilderness

November 172017

The Majella Wilderness is embedded into the Majella National Park, Italy. The Majella Wilderness is home to an amazingly large and rich Wilderness. It is including the most inaccessible and wildest area of the Central Apennine.

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Kuziy-Trybushany WILDForest

Kuziy-Trybushany WILDForest

Kuziy-Trybushany WILDForest

November 162017

The Kuziy-Trybushany WILDForest is embedded in the Carpathian Biosphere Reserve, located in western Ukraine. The Carpathian Biosphere Reserve includes several large WILDForests. The Kuziy-Trybushany WILDForest is a hotspot for biodiversity, depending on spontaneous natural processes and ecosystem dynamics. The old-growth forests of Kuziy-Trybushany WILDForest is an important reference area for comparisons with managed forest.

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Küre Wilderness

Küre Wilderness

Küre Wilderness

November 162017

The Küre Wilderness is embedded in the Küre Mountains National Park, located in northern Turkey. The park stretches over the mountain range of Küre Mountains and is extend over the Kastamonu and Bartin Province. The Küre Wilderness is well-known in Turkey because of its intact forests, wildlife, endemic plant species, caves, canyons, and waterfalls. The Küre Wilderness is also globally important for nature conservation. It is one of the 9 forest hot spots in Turkey with its natural values, Wilderness, geological features, landscape and cultural values.

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Königsbrücker Heide Wilderness

Königsbrücker Heide Wilderness

Königsbrücker Heide Wilderness

November 162017

The Königsbrücker Heide Wilderness is a large coherent nature conservation area, which provides good conditions for a re-naturalization of previous military training grounds with a potential to become a prime Wilderness in Germany. The Königsbrücker Heide Wilderness has not actively been managed for more than 15 years. It provides a unique experience of natural spontaneous dynamics and implementation of non-intervention management.

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Kalkalpen Wilderness

Kalkalpen Wilderness

Kalkalpen Wilderness

November 162017

The Kalkalpen Wilderness is embedded in the Kalkalpen National Park, Austria. Kalkalpen National Park is a large protected area, located in the north-eastern Limestone Alps in Upper Austria. Kalkalpen Wilderness features the largest forest region in central Europe and the largest karst in Austria. It is a colourful mosaic consisting of pristine forests, hidden gorges and untouched mountain streams.

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Jasmund WILDCoast

Jasmund WILDCoast

Jasmund WILDCoast

November 162017

The Jasmund WILDCoast is embedded into the core zone of Jasmund National Park, Germany. Jasmund National Park is an iconic national park in Germany due to its magnificent scenery of the stunning coastline. The Jasmund WILDCoast is a compact and complete ecosystem of chalk cliffs, a sea coast, and a narrow strip of sea. “Let nature be nature” is the main slogan of Jasmund National Park.

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Hohe Tauern Wilderness

Hohe Tauern Wilderness

Hohe Tauern Wilderness

November 162017

The Hohe Tauern Wilderness is located in the south-western part of National Park Hohe Tauern, Salzburg. The Hohe Tauern Wilderness is a landscape as it used to be all over the Alps after the last ice age, about 12,000 years ago. It is a large contiguous piece of Wilderness and it includes several important habitats types, such as abandoned alpine pastures, bare rocks, glaciers and freshly exposed land after glacier retreat.

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Belá WILDRiver

Belá WILDRiver

Belá WILDRiver, Slovakia

November 162017

The Belá WILDRiver is partially embedded in the Tatra National Park, Slovakia. It is a typical mountain river in the north of Slovakia with a meandering riverbed and steep gradient in its upper part. The river provides a wide spectrum of unique and dynamic ecosystems. Permanent dwellers of the river watershed are bear, wolf, lynx and imperial eagle.

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Hainich WILDForest

Hainich WILDForest

Hainich WILDForest

November 82017

The Hainich WILDForest is embedded into the Hainich National Park, Germany. The Hainich National Park was founded in 1997. Over 90% of Hainich National Park is not in economic use, where nature is returning to its roots. In contrast to economic forests, the woodland in Hainich WILDForest may develop back, untouched, into a primeval woodland in the heart of Germany.

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Čepkeliai Wilderness

Čepkeliai Wilderness

Čepkeliai Wilderness

November 82017

The Čepkeliai Wilderness is embedded in the Dzūkija National Park and Čepkeliai Strict Nature Reserve, Lithuania. Čepkeliai Wilderness is the largest contiguous piece of Wilderness in Lithuania consisting of two areas: Čepkeliai and Musteika Strict Nature Reserves. It is located in the south-eastern corner of Lithuania and forms one ecological complex, representing the most valuable ecosystems of wetlands and surrounding forests, at the border with Belarus.

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Borjomi-Kharagauli Wilderness

Borjomi-Kharagauli Wilderness

Borjomi-Kharagauli Wilderness

November 82017

The Borjomi-Kharagauli Wilderness is embedded in the Borjomi-Kharagauli National Park, Georgia. It is a extensive mountain area of Lesser Caucasus with conifer and evergreen old-growth forest, high number of rare and endemic species such as bear, wolf, imperial eagle. The Wilderness provides a wide spectrum of unique and dynamic ecosystems.

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Central Balkan Wilderness

Central Balkan Wilderness

Central Balkan Wilderness

October 252017

The 20,019 ha Central Balkan Wilderness is embedded in the Central Balkan National Park, Bulgaria. Central Balkan Wilderness is covering 28% of park territory and consist of the following 9 strict nature reserves: Boatin, Tsarichina, Kozya Stena, Steneto, Severen Dzendem, Peesti, Sokolna, Dzendema and Stara Reka. In Central Balkan Wilderness, a non-intervention management is applied as the underlying principle for Wilderness stewardship.

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