The 4,570 ha Teiču Wilderness is embedded into the Teiču Strict Nature Reserve. Teiču Reserve is the largest nature reserve in Latvia and it is one of the largest areas of intact bog moss in the Baltics. It is a remote and large contiguous Wilderness located in the centre of Latvia. Teiču Wilderness protects a large complex, representing valuable ecosystems of wetlands and forests. All natural resources are completely excluded from economic and other activities. Teiču Wilderness is one of four strict nature reserves in Latvia and is well known due to the high species diversity. The Teiču Wilderness is a wetland of international importance, a Ramsar site since 1995 and Natura 2000 area since 2004.
European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit System
The 4,570 ha Teiču Wilderness was subject of a Quick-Audit in 2017 and meets the Bronze Wilderness Quality Standard. A European Wilderness Quality Standard Full-Audit is scheduled for 2019.
- Protected area: Teiču Strict Nature Reserve
- Wilderness: Teiču Wilderness
- Wilderness Quality Standard: Bronze
- Country: Latvia
- Size of the protected area: 19,777 ha
- Size of the Wilderness: 4,570 ha
- European Wilderness Quality Standard Audit: 2017
- Wilderness Uniqueness: Large intact area of bog moss and wetlands
- Number of visitors per year to the protected area: approx. 3,000
- Number of visitors per year to the Wilderness: approx. 1,000
The Teiču Wilderness enjoys an unusual high degree of protection, being a “strict nature reserve” as defined by Latvian authorities. It is one of only four such nature reserves in Latvia. This is a designation reserved for areas with little or no human activity and rare or typical ecosystems. Since 2004, it is part of the EU-wide Natura2000 network.
The Teiču Wilderness is containing large areas of bog moss and wetlands interlaced by small rivers and lakes. The Teiču Wilderness is a home to a number of rare or threatened species, including 38 protected species of flowering plants and ferns and 24 protected species of moss. It is an important habitat also for animals, including invertebrates. The Teiču Wilderness is breeding, feeding and resting place for numerous migratory and rare water birds such as cranes and geese. This territory is governed by uncontrolled natural processes and provides a good condition to study rare plant species and habitats characteristic for wetlands.
Wilderness Tourism Experience
Access to the Teiču Wilderness is regulated. The area is divided into two parts, a regulated access area and a restricted access area. The access to the restricted access area is normally forbidden, only visits for scientific purposes may be conducted and require a permit from the relevant authority. Access to the regulated access area is possible during a limited time of the year (1 June to 31 October), visitors are accompanied by a guide with the proper credentials. There is also an observation tower, accessible without a guide, located in the part of the nature reserve located in Krustpils Municipality.